The Depression Center  
 
 

Depression Glossary

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Basilar Artery: a major artery that supplies blood to the brain. Spasms of this artery can result in anxiety or panic attacks.

Battle Fatigue: an old name for PTSD

Behavioral Perspective: the view that learning is central in determining and maintaining human behavior.

Behavioral Sciences: branch of science that focuses on the study of human behavior that includes the disciplines of psychology, sociology, and anthropology.

Behavior Modification: techniques based on learning theory that are used to change behavior.

Behavioral Therapy (BT): a form of psychotherapy in which the person learns to gain control of anxiety through exposure and relaxation techniques. Based on principles of learning theory.

Biofeedback: therapy technique in which person is taught to control bodily processes that are not normally considered to be under voluntary control, for example, heart rate and skin temperature.

Biological Clocks: each species has characteristic cyclic patterns of sleep, activity, and metabolism.

Bipolar Disorder: a mood disorder in which the person experiences both manic and depressive episodes.

Blood Injury Phobia: fear of the sight of blood or injury.

BPD: bipolar depression (see bipolar disorder)

Breathing Exercise: a variety of different exercises can be used to breathe in a more calm manner in order to reduce stress.

Brief Psychotherapy: short term therapy of 8 to 12 sessions with a focus on restoring previous functioning and providing emotional support.

Brontophobia: fear of thunder

BT: behavior therapy

Bulimia Nervosa: recurrent episodes of binge eating that is often experienced as out of control and is often accompanied by efforts to purge (e.g., vomit) in order to prevent weight gain.