a learned behavior that is a typical or customary pattern of response.
the process by which a person’s response to a feared stimulus is reduced over time following repeated exposure.
an infection or irritation of the liver that may cause permanent damage.
the genetic transmission of characteristics from parents to children.
the tendency of an organism to maintain a steady state that permits a constant level of physiological functioning.
an emotional reaction that involves the thought and/or intent to destroy or damage something that is perceived as a threat.
an disease of sub-cortical brain tissue that includes symptoms of jerking and twitching movements as well as a progressive deterioration of physical and mental functioning.
high blood pressure
a class of drugs used to treat ulcers and heartburn.
extreme sensitivity to cues that may signal presence of feared object or situation.
an exaggerated concern about bodily processes and the possibility of having various diseases.
a structure at the base of the brain importantly involved in emotion and motivation.
a term used in cognitive behavioral therapy or behavioral therapy to describe the assignments that people are asked to complete between therapy sessions.
a product of an endocrine gland that is released into the blood that regulate development and activity in target tissues somewhere else at a distance in the body. Steroid hormones include cortisol, estrogen, and testosterone. Non-steroid hormones include choleckystokinin, epinephrine, dopamine, insulin, norepinephrine, serotonin, and vasopressin.
an inability to leave one’s house. Common in severe cases of panic, agoraphobia, and obsessive compulsive disorder. Can also occur in social phobia.
hormone replacement therapy.
see attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
exaggerated sensitivity. People with panic disorder are often hypersensitive to internal bodily sensations such as heart rate, respiration, and stomach and intestinal movements.
a disorder in which the thyroid gland produces too much hormone, resulting in a condition characterized by excessive energy and difficulty sleeping.
chronic excessive breathing that results in changes in carbon dioxide, lactic acid, and oxygen levels in the blood. Associated with intense anxiety. Can produce panic attacks.
the use of hypnosis in psychotherapy.
someone who has hypochondria.
a temporary mild to moderate elevated (manic) mood.
a thyroid disorder characterized by underproduction of hormone by the thyroid gland resulting in symptoms including exhaustion and excessive sleeping.