The Depression Center  
 
 

Depression Glossary

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Tachycardia: rapid heart beat

Taper: to gradually decrease dosage of a medication.

Temperament: the style of a persons emotional responding and arousal that is thought to be inherited or otherwise biologically determined.

Tension: the state of readiness or arousal that the organism experiences as it mobilizes the body’s resources to cope with a threat.

Testosterone: a hormone that is produced especially by the testes that is responsible for inducing and maintaining male secondary sex characteristics.

Therapy: a generic term used to describe the application of any medical, psychiatric, psychological or alternative designed to promote health and well being.

Thyroid Problems: the thyroid gland is located in the neck and produces a hormone called thyroxine. Thyroxine is important in controlling the body's metabolic rate. Sometimes the thyroid produces too much thyroxine, a condition called hyperthyroidism. In other cases the thyroid produces too little thyroxine, a condition known as hypothyroidism.

Tinnitus: symptoms of this disorder include the perception of a constant ringing or roaring noise in the ears or head.

TIR: traumatic incident reduction therapy

Tolerance: resistance to the effects of a medication or substance of abuse. An increased dose is required to achieve the same effect.

Trait: a stable characteristic of a person that can be measured

Trauma: a severe physical or psychological stressor.

Traumatic: referring to physical or psychological shock.

Triscadecaphobia: a fear of the number 13.

Tyramine: a compound found in some foods that increases blood pressure.

Thyroid Gland: the endocrine gland located in the neck that produces thyroid hormone.

Thyroid Disorder: a dysfunction of the thyroid gland can produce symptoms similar to the symptoms of anxiety and depression.

Traumatic Incident Reduction (TIR): the use of guided imagery to treat post traumatic stress disorder.

Tranquilizers: substances used for the treatment of psychotic symptoms and the reduction of anxiety.

Trichotillomania: Compulsive hair pulling from the head or any other part of the body. Often referred to as an obsessive compulsive spectrum disorder and may be related to OCD.

Tricyclic Antidepressant (TCA): an older group of antidepressant medications, until recently widely used in the treatment of anxiety and depression. All tricyclics to a greater or lesser extent block the reuptake of serotonin, norepinephreine and dopamine. TCA medications include amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep, Tryptizol, Loroxyl), amoxapine (Asendin), clomipramine (Anafranil), desipramine (Norpramin, Pertofran), doxepin (Sinequan, Adapin), Imipramine (Tofranil), maprotiline (Ludiomil), nortryptyline (Pamelor, Noratren), trimipramine (Surmontil), protriptyline (Vivactil).

Type A Behavior: a style of behavior characterized by hostility and an excessively competitive drive to succeed that can be observed in some people under conditions of stress.

The One Big Problem: The one big problem that therapists experience with their patients is that depressed people almost always make negative predictions. As a result, it’s hard to get them to try activities that might make them feel better. And, if the depressed person doesn’t test their prediction they can’t find out if their negative predictions are true, or not true (usually negative predictions are not true).