an academic discipline devoted to the understanding and treatment of disorders of the human body.
mitral valve prolapse
Major Tranquilizers :
the antipsychotic drugs such as the phenothiazines.
see Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor
a Tricyclic Antiddepressant (TCA) medication. Includes brand names such as Ludiomil.
a chemical substance that has a medical affect on the body. There are a wide variety of classes of medications used to treat anxiety disorders; including benzodiazepines, MAOIs, SRIs, SARIs, SSRIs, SNRIs, and TCAs.
Minor Tranquilizers :
an older term used to describe some anti-anxiety drugs such as the benzodiazepines.
a medication that stimulates the release of norepinephrine and serotonin and blocks two subtypes of serotonin receptors (5:HT2 and 5:HT3). Also blocks alpha 2 receptors, resulting in increases of release of both serotonin and norepinephrine. Includes brand names such as Remeron.
a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) medication. Includes brand names such as Etrafon, Perphenazine, Triavil.
a Reversable Inhibitrol of Monoamine Oxidase A (RIMA). Includes brand names such as Aurorix, Manerix.
a class of hormones and/or neurotransmitters that includes the catecholamines (dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine) and the indoleamines (serotonin and melatonin).
Mutabon D :
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor (MAOI):
an inhibitor of one of the enzymes that degrades and thereby inactivates monoamine neurotransmitters. MAOIs act irreversibly and nonselectively. Includes medication such as phenelzine (Nardil), tranylcypromine (Parnate), and isocarboxazid (Marplan). Phenelzine is perhaps the most commonly prescribed MAOI for anxiety disorders. Generic names for MAOIs include brofaromine , isocarboxazid, moclobemide, pargyline, phenelzine, selegeline, tranylcypromine,. These medications are used much less than previously because the SSRIs, and other agents have been found to be as effective and the MAOIs have been associated with serious side effects. People who use MAOI medications have to adhere to a very strict diet that excludes all foods that contain high concentrations of certain dietary amino acids, such as tyramine, that are ordinarily degraded by monoamine oxidase enzymes.